gov lecture 12_10_Notes - 16/02/200914:46:00

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16/02/2009 14:46:00 Black Political Thought in the 20 th  Century I. Separatism and Integrationism II. Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois III. Marcus Garvey: the NAACP FDR, the communist party IV. Why the Civil Rights Revolution in the 1950’s and 60’s? V. Bayard Rustin and Stokely CarMichael Two tendencies developed within black intellectual circles: Have persisted to this day as alternative strategies to black moral and political  quest for equality o 1 st . tendency – Seperatist  exclusion: black seperatism. Black salvation, turning inward  and away from white America.  Appeals to democratic base of black masses, more populist  non-intellectual style o 2 nd  tendency – Inclusion Emancipation, emerging with White America Appealed to more well-educated elements of the black  community o These 2 tendencies emerge in other emancipatory movements:  E.g. woman’s movement Tensions not unique, but persistence of binary opposition 2 Tendencies came from 2 great Booker T. Washington and  WEB Dubois II. Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois Booker T. Washington born in slavery, learned value of agricultural and  industrial slavery
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Advocated for this as path for advancement, training in cultural arts Was willing to accept 2 nd  class citizenship, disenfranchisement  Became famous for speech he gave in Atlanta in which he articulated his  willingness not to threaten or question white political supremacy Favorite of whites, dubbed “black leader of choice” Traveled across America Wanted blacks to learn practical, agricultural and Industrial skills Pg. 947  You don’t want immigrants doing your work Seen as non-threatening o Attitudes of white people would flip-flop, and eventually prefer  integrationist o Great deal of criticism, though not as simple as they seem o Willing to accept 2 nd  class citizenship, advises blacks not to push for  political rights o Recognizes importance of economic power o What use is political power without economic power? What us is sitting  at the lunch counter if you can not buy anything at the lunch counter?
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course GOVT 3665 taught by Professor Kramnick, i during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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gov lecture 12_10_Notes - 16/02/200914:46:00

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