CH1_outline - CH 1 Friday, January 16, 2009 1:01 PM 1. The...

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  CH 1 Friday, January 16, 2009 1:01 PM 1. The origins of managerial though i. Systematically and widescale began at the 20th century ii. Writers have been analyzing and writing about it for 3000 years   a. Preindustrial revolution influences i. 1000bc ancient China writing about control organized human activity ii. Sun Tzu wroote about views on Principle of leadership iii. Egyptions built pyramids far back as 27000 bc iv. Romans developled  and led armies that exercise control   e. In the middle ages 15/16th century city states in europe; Venice and Florence were managing  activities with procesdures that we would consider modern. They had a shipyard where they had  control procedures and parts f. 1513 Michiavelli published "the Prince" an opportunisist and crafty technique book for leaders of  state to rule their subjects   2. Industrial revolution in england (occurred in 1700 Century)     Steam power and factories-   First made by James Watt , they put it to General Use 20 Years later Need to organize work and workers Led To Division of Labor (Adam Smith) - the division of work so that each person performs a limited  amount of tasks, used early in the Industrial Revolution Adam Smith Wrote  " Wealth of Nations" No common expectations for what constituted “management” First management writers—limited impact.-  Book reading in this area was limited Robert Owen Charles Babbage There writing focused techniques applicable to specific firms rather than on general  principles or theories about management   Industrial Revolution in US TEXTILES:  Factories, where the American Industrial Revolution began ARMS MANUFACTURING:  Interchangeable parts RAILROADS:  First systematic thinking about how to manage an organization Management across different geographic locations Organizational charts, job descriptions and merit promotions   Which of the following enterprises did NOT play a major role in the development of managerial thinking  during the time of the U.S . Industrial Revolution?  Textile Manufacturing     Agricultural Production
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Railroads     Scientific Management- Approach developed by Frederick Taylor focusing on basic principles for  improving performance such as studying jobs by using objective measurements in order to determine  the best person for the job, training them in the most efficient methods and providing sufficcient  monetary incentives to those performing the work Frederick Taylor     Wrote  Principles of Scientific Management The first to actually “study” work, to gather data on how workers did their jobs
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CH1_outline - CH 1 Friday, January 16, 2009 1:01 PM 1. The...

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