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100 Final Study Guide

100 Final Study Guide - History 100 Terms Herbert Baxter...

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History 100 Terms Herbert Baxter Adams Harvard professor who forms the AHA. American Historical Assocation Founded by Herbert Baxter Adams in 1884. Included professors. Excluded people formed their own groups such as the Miss. Valley- a lot of tension back and forth for a while. Mississippi Valley Historical Association Founded in 1907 – regional history. Has tension with the AHA until hey eventually begin to absorb the strategies of the professors and try to outdo them. Tension over by the 1970s. Frederick Jackson Turner Wrote ‘the Significance of History’ – new history should incorporate everything an not just be about the elite, looked at structural forces. Frontier thesis, geographical determinism, the frontier as the theme of American history. Takes economic forces into account. Progressive History Followers of Turner who elaborate on his theory – progress as the product of rational planning, suspect hidden forces, especially economic. Dominant school until the 1940s. James Harvey Robinson Progressive, coins the term “new history”. 1863 – 1936. Charles Beard Progressive historian. 1874 – 1948. Stress divisions within American society, especially social and economic. Reinterpret American history from a strictly economic point of view in ‘The Rise of American Civilization’. Mary Beard Wife of Charles, shares similar ideals, works on projects along with him. Her 1945 ‘The Force of Women in History’ is regarded as the beginning of Women’s History. Carl Becker Progressive, 1873 – 1945. Wants a useful history that fosters progress. Assimilationists German school of though in the early 1900s. Approach history in the same way science is approached. Affirm positivism and assert that history is the seeking of truth about the past as part of a wider scientific endeavor.
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Karl Popper Assimiliationist. Argues that historians’ interpretations intrude on their selection of subjects and data. Outer forces make history a second-rank science but a science nonetheless. Carl Hempel Assimilationist. Insists on the strict adherence to method. All historical statements must conform to general scientific findings and forms. Ultimate goal of history is causal explanation. Influences by sociology. Covering Laws Referred to by Hempel. Presumption that historians can grasp objectively the structures embedded in life, recognize the forces that control them, and explain the causes of their creation. He believes these are the ultimate goal of historians. Autonomists Other German school which argues that history is not a science. Deny that you can make accurate generalizations – no Covering Laws. Rooted in relativism. Theodor Lessing
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100 Final Study Guide - History 100 Terms Herbert Baxter...

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