PAM 203 notes nov 5

PAM 203 notes nov 5 - areas change house not job...

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PAM 2030 notes November 5, 2008 Migration o Demography is the study of size, distribution, and composition of the population, changes therein, and components of change, including mortality, fertility, and migration o Formal demography o Why important? Component of population change and urbanization Compositional changes in areas: aging, poor, race Social stratification: route to upward mobility Electoral Map- how? o Migration distinguished from other vital events Social/economic process rather than biological process Restrictions on its occurrence (legal, etc) Individual can migrate repeatedly- only born and die once Migration is spatial Migration is reversible o Definition; What is geographic mobility? Conceptual and measurement issues: Relatively permanent? Snowbirds, guest workers, students, commuting Distance? How far? Relevant unit? Individuals or households? Cities or states Time referent Migration; movement between labor markets (cities, counties, states,etc) Residential mobility- local moves(within labor market
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Unformatted text preview: areas, change house not job) Immigration and emigration • Crossing national boundaries o What about refugees o Visitors o Temporary visas o Undocumented o Theory Ravenstein laws • People migrate for economic reasons • Volume decreases as distance between origin and destination increases • Migration is often sequential (ex chain migration) • Migration varies over groups • Migration is bi-direction- stream and counter stream Economic theories Cost benefit economic models- how do we test this human capital models-migration as investment • what about couples • women tend to be ‘tied movers’ and men tend to be ‘tied stayers Push Pull Theory • Movement is affected by pushes from origin and pulls from destination and there are intervening obstacles o Measurement Direct approaches • Migration since some fixed date o 1 and 5 year retrospective questions • Stream data • Origin...
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PAM 203 notes nov 5 - areas change house not job...

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