PAM 230 group policy paper background info

PAM 230 group policy paper background info - I. Problem...

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I. Problem Definition At age seventeen Brittany Lietz, Miss Maryland, started using tanning beds. She used them 4 to 5 times a week in order to maintain a bronzed glow. At age 20 she went to her dermatologist and was diagnosed with malignant melanoma, a severe form of skin cancer. She proceeded to have two-dozen surgeries to remove cancerous moles from all around her body (Fields). The Miss Maryland story brought the increase in melanoma cases amongst younger adults into the spotlight. On March 17, 2005 the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a statement recommending that no one under the age of 18 should be allowed to use tanning beds (World Health Organization). The WHO’s press statement urges countries to create and most importantly enforce laws that would limit the availability of tanning beds to minors. The tanning industry is a $5 billion a year industry with over 50,000 locations in the United States ( The indoor UV tanning industry: A review of skin cancer risk, health benefit claims, and regulation: science direct). Approximately 30 million Americans use tanning beds every year (Melanoma Foundation) in order to achieve the ultimate “sunless tan”. Of these Americans, 2.3 million are teenagers (Skin Cancer Foundation International Studies). 8% of Caucasian teenagers under the age of 18 in the United States have used tanning beds at least once in their lifetime (Skin cancer foundation quick facts). The reasons for using tanning beds vary from person to person however many teens argue that it is more “socially acceptable” to appear tan (Newsweek Karen Springen). Figure 1 shows the change in perceptions of tanning over the past 40 years. There has been a steady increase in the perecentage of people who think that people look better tan from 1968 to 2007 (Figure 1). The most staggering relationship between these three variables shows a dramatic increase from 37% to nearly 85% of respondents who have increased their knowledge that tanning is associated with skin cancer from 1994 to 2007, yet during that same time period the percentage of people
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that have limited their tanning to prevent skin cancer has decreased (figure 1). As the number of teenagers using tanning beds has risen, so has the incidence of melanoma amongst men and women in their early twenties. Melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer (American Academy of Dermatology). Research has linked melanoma primarily to direct sun exposure (What Causes Melanoma). The recent increase in melanoma has lead researchers to identify other “risk factors” that can increase an individual’s chances of melanoma. Amongst these risk factors are age, family history, fair skin, and over-exposure to Ultraviolet (UV) light (What Causes Melanoma) Ultraviolet light is found in sun lamps, tanning beds and increased exposure to these lights have been linked with higher incidence of skin cancer (What Causes melanoma). Studies have shown that between 65
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course PAM 2300 taught by Professor Avery,r. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

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PAM 230 group policy paper background info - I. Problem...

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