Study guide 1 - POL 1213 Topics: America in the World Study...

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POL 1213 – Topics: America in the World Study Guide #1 Ch. 1: The Globalization of International Relations International relations – relationships among the world’s govn’ts Collective goods problem – problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member contributes to it Dominance – solves the collective goods problem by establishing a power hierarchy in which those at the top control those below Reciprocity – solves the collective goods problem by rewarding behavior that contributes to the group and punishing behavior that pursues self-interest of the group Identity – does not rely on self-interest, members care about the interests of others in the community enough to sacrifice their own interests Example of 3 possible solutions to nuclear proliferation (pp. 7-8) – NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION; even with shared interest in collective good of peace and stability no such authority exits to take away nuclear weapons that countries create, DOMINANCE – largest nuclear arsenals hold veto on UN security council, able to keep exclusive hold on nuclear weapons keeping smaller countries from creating them breads resentment, RECIPROCITY – deterrence from larger world powers for smaller countries to disable nuclear arms and get rewards in return, ex. Libya gave up weapons and int’l community gave rewards like ending economic sanctions, IDENTITY – nations have ability to create weapons but choose not to, are able to depend on weapons from other countries through alliances, fear the destruction that can come from the weapons in the hand of the wrong people International security – study of int’l relations that focuses on questions of war and peace International political economy – second main subfield of int’l relations, concerns trade and financial relations among nations and focuses on how nations have cooperated politically to create and maintain institutions that regulate the flow of int’l economic and financial transactions State – territorial entity controlled by a govn’t and inhabited by a pop, most imp actors in int’l relations Sovereignty – answers to no higher authority, ability to make and enforce laws and collect taxes (etc), recognized by other states through diplomatic relations and usually by membership in the UN International system – set of relations among the world’s states, structured according to certain rules and patterns of interaction Nation-state – groups of people who share a sense of national identity, usually including language and culture Great powers – large states possess especially great military and economic strength and influence Superpowers – most powerful of great powers that have truly global influence, during cold war was US & USSR and now only US
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Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) – orgs whose members are nat’l govn’ts, ex.
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course POL 1213 taught by Professor Donnelly during the Spring '08 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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Study guide 1 - POL 1213 Topics: America in the World Study...

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