HDF lecture 5-8 - HDFLecture#5 February10th...

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HDF Lecture #5 February 10th Why we stay and why we go. .. - Overview: - Background - Macro: “big” pictures explanations for why breakup/divorce happens - Micro: interdependence theory/commitment - Stages of breakup Is the America Family ‘in decline’? Why or why not? - Students’ opinion: - There are not enough “time” for families to act as a unit; no real traditional meals of sitting down. - There is no real label to what a family should look like. People are just changing and life- style is changing. - People just tend to look at the 50’s ideal. - We spend less of our lives married than we used to because people are delaying marriage. (In 1970: men 23, women 20; In 2000: men 26, women 25) - At every age, a higher proportion of us never married. - We have fewer children than before. - A higher percentage are born outside marriage. (when they are cohabiting and single--meaning not married) - People are more likely to cohabit. (over half of women in every age group have cohabited) - The changing rate of divorce: - Generally increased in 20th century - Peaked around 1980 (and have steadily declined and steadied) - About 1/2 of all children spend time in single family home (ex. divorced family) - About 50% of US marriages will end in divorce - Typical couple married just over 7 years. - Why is the divorce rate high? - Students’ Opinion: Women do not have to depend on men so they can make decisions. Divorce doesn’t seem that ‘bad’ because a lot of marriages do fail. - High expectations for marriage. (from fairy tales “happily ever after”) - Changing economic status of women; U-shaped--the women with the lowest and highest economic status have the highest rate of divorces: this is because rich women have more choices and poor women have high stress for money. (Stress is really bad for marriage or any relationship) - Decrease in average SES (social economic status: employment, poverty, welfare, income); middle class is declining - The Bible Belt States (ex: Alabama, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee) and Divorce - Bible Belt states are at the bottom of the SES - Bible Belt states are at the top of infant mortality, murder, and the percent below poverty. - Enduring Vulnerabilities Model (came from the Bible Belt states trend) - Bradbury and Karney - People enter marriage with enduring vulnerabilities. People enter marriages without a good foundation and will fail when there is a lot of stress. - The kinds of vulnerabilities (the baggage): - People Pick Bad Partners: selection perspective
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- Family of Origin Issues: (ex) children who grows up with a family that has a lot of fighting, divorce, sexual abuse - Bad Social Skills - Poor Education - Dysfunctional Attitudes about Marriage: if partners do not have the same values or expectations; people who think that marriage just “fixes things”. -
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HDF lecture 5-8 - HDFLecture#5 February10th...

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