Con Law Amar Outline-2001

Con Law Amar Outline-2001 - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I The...

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C ONSTITUTIONAL L AW I. The Constitution of the United States ........................................................................................... 4 II. Judicial Review ........................................................................................................................... 5 III. The Equal Protection of the Laws .............................................................................................. 6 A. The Basic Structure of Equal Protection Review .................................................................... 6 1. Background and Early Decisions: Centrality of Race ......................................................... 6 Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857, p. 427) ....................................................................................... 6 From pp. 431-35 (Note 2 through end of 435) ......................................................................... 7 Ho Ah Kow v. Nunan (9th Cir. 1879, AR) .............................................................................. 7 2. “Standards of Review”: Mere Rationality and Heightened Scrutiny ....................................... 8 Railway Express v. NY (1949, p. 484) ................................................................................... 8 Williamson v. Lee Optical (1955, p. 485) ............................................................................... 8 Minnesota v. Clover Leaf Creamery Co. (1981, p. 485) ........................................................ 8 Korematsu v. United States (1944, p. 501) .............................................................................. 9 Loving v. Virginia (1967, p. 533) ............................................................................................ 9 Washington v. Davis (1976, p. 514) ...................................................................................... 10 From pp. 519-21 (Notes 1-2) ................................................................................................. 10 Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. (1977, p. 523) . 11 Massachusetts Board of Retirement, et al. v. Murgia (1976, AR p. 6) .................................. 11 City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center (1985, p. 488 & 679) ....................................... 11 B. “Separate But Equal” – Brown v. Board of Education ....................................................... 12 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896, p. 437) .......................................................................................... 12 Brown v. Board of Education (1954, p. 446) ....................................................................... 13 C. Sex ........................................................................................................................................ 14 From pp. 596-97 (Note 1) ...................................................................................................... 15 Craig v. Boren (1976, p. 602) ............................................................................................... 15 Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan (1982, p. 609 paragraph 3 only) ..................... 15 J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B. (1994, p. 619) ........................................................................ 16 Michael M. v. Sonoma County Superior Court (1981, p. 621 Note 3b) ................................ 16 Nguyen v. Immigration and Naturalization Service (2001, Supplement p. 97) ................... 17 D. Bush v. Gore ......................................................................................................................... 17 Bush v. Gore (2000, Supplement p. 3) ................................................................................... 17 E. “Affirmative Action” ............................................................................................................. 18 Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena (1947, p. 574) ................................................................ 18 Grutter v. Bollinger (2003, Supplement p. 70) ...................................................................... 19 Gratz v. Bollinger (2003, Supplement p. 91) ........................................................................ 20 F. Homosexuality ....................................................................................................................... 20 Romer v. Evans (1996, p. 638) .............................................................................................. 20 IV. The Separation of Powers ........................................................................................................ 20 A. The Allocation of Powers between the Federal Government and the States ........................ 21 1. Background ........................................................................................................................ 21 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819, p. 55) ................................................................................... 21 2. The Commerce Power ............................................................................................................ 21 1
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Gibbons v. Ogden (1824, p. 143) ........................................................................................... 21 US v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895, p. 161) .................................................................................... 22 Houston, East & West Texas Railway v. US (The Shreveport Rate Cases) (1914, p. 162) . 22 Champion v. Ames (The Lottery Case) (1903, p. 164) ......................................................... 22 Hammer v. Dagenhart (The Child Labor Case) (1918, p. 147) ............................................. 22 Carter v. Carter Coal Co. (1936, p. 169) ................................................................................ 23 United States v. Darby (1941, p. 179) ................................................................................... 23 Wickard v. Filburn (1942, p. 149) ......................................................................................... 23 Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964, p. 183) ......................................................... 23 Katzenbach v. McClung (1964, p. 184) ................................................................................. 24 United States v. Lopez (1995, p. 186) ................................................................................... 24 United States v. Morrison (2000, p. 197) ............................................................................... 25 3. Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Eleventh Amendment ........................... 26 General Question: Can Congress enforce a liberty that courts have not recognized? ........... 26 Katzenbach v. Morgan (1966, p. 222) ................................................................................... 26 City of Boerne v. Flores (1997, p. 226) ................................................................................. 26 From p. 230-31 Note .............................................................................................................. 27 Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (2000, Supplement p. 37) ......... 27 4. Unwritten states’ rights ...................................................................................................... 28 Printz v. United States (1997, p. 248) .................................................................................... 28 Reno v. Condon (2000, p. 251 Note 1) .................................................................................. 28 B. Allocation of Powers within the Federal Government .......................................................... 29 1. The President as Lawmaker ................................................................................................ 29 Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952) (page 336) .............................................. 29 Introduction to The Two Modes of Separation of Powers Analysis ................................ 31 Clinton v. City of New York (1998) (page 368) .................................................................... 31 2. Congressional Delegation to and Vetoes of Administrative Agencies ............................... 31 Note: Nondelegation Doctrine and “Quasi-Constitutional” Statutes ..................................... 32 3. Appointment and Removal of Administrative Officers ...................................................... 33 The Two Modes of Separation of Powers Analysis (Reloaded) ............................................ 33 Summary, and Separation of Powers According to Jed ......................................................... 37 4. Enemy Combatants .............................................................................................................
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