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FinalReviewGuide1

FinalReviewGuide1 - Spring 2008 By Dr Balko BioG 110 Final...

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Spring 2008 By Dr Balko BioG 110 Final Exam Review Guide The Final Exam for BioG110 is worth 180 points. Coverage for the final exam will include information covered throughout the semester in both lecture and lab. The best way to prepare for this exam is to use this review guide to help facilitate your review of all the lecture questions Randy has posted for each lecture throughout the semester – the guide will help you to discern which questions summarize the main concepts. I have written this review guide to help you to focus on the important material/questions that we would like you to understand and take with you when you leave this course. The last part of the review guide will give you a list of concepts and thought provoking questions to help you to discern some of the important concepts we would like you to take away from your lab experiences during BioG110. I will create a list of people you should know and remember why they were important to science. Good luck with all your finals & Have a wonderful summer!! 1. How were the carbon atoms on Earth synthesized? In the interior of stars and we are all formed from stardust 2. Why are proteins better catalysts than RNA? There is more diversity in the amino acids than in the nucleotides 3. Why is the cell considered the basic unit of life because? It is the smallest unit capable of exhibiting the fundamental characteristics of life 4. What portion of the cell membrane forms the major barrier to the movement of ATP, sugar and proteins? Lipids 5. Within which organelle is Carbon dioxide and water are combined to make carbohydrate? Chloroplast  6. What is the summary equation for cell respiration? 5 C(H 2 O) + O 2    CO 2  + H 2 O + energy 7. How would you estimate the volume of blood through the human heart if you are given the volume pumped per beat and the number of heart beats per minute? Dimensional analysis:  (100 ml/beat)(1 liter/1000 ml)(60 beats/min)(60 min/h) (24h/day) 8. Using principles of calorimetry alone , WHY were fruits and vegetables considered to be 1
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Spring 2008 By Dr Balko inferior to meat, potatoes, bread and sugar as foods? Because meat and potatoes, bread and sugar contain more calories per kilogram 9. Be able to determine how many pounds of fat you’ll put on in a year given the caloric information about a specific diet (see lecture example). Find out how many calories per gram.  Convert grams to kilograms.  Multiply that by 2.2 and  then by 365.  Ex: 100 calories from sugar in soda.  That’s 25 grams of sugar, which is .025  kilograms of sugar.  Times 2.2 times 365 is 20 pounds a year from drinking soda 10. What position is epiglottis in when you swallow food? What about when you breathe?
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