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exercise_cardio_topic_7 - Normal DP is about mmHg 8 Pulse...

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The Cardiovascular System: Measuring Blood Pressure 1. Blood flow is generated by the _________________________________. Blood pressure results when that flow encounters ______________ from the vessel walls. 2. Blood pressure is expressed in __________ of mercury and is written as ___________. 3. Blood flows in layers within the lumen of blood vessels with the layers in the middle of the lumen flowing fastest. This is known as ______________ flow. 4. Blood pressure fluctuates with each heartbeat. The pulse you feel in your wrist is a ____________________ created by the contracting heart ejecting blood. 5. The maximum pressure exerted by blood against the artery wall is known as __________ pressure (SP) and is the result of ventricular _________________. Normal SP is about ______ mmHg. 6. What does the dicrotic notch represent? ___________________________________________________________ 7. ___________ pressure (DP) is the lowest pressure in the artery and is a result of ventricular _______________.
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Unformatted text preview: Normal DP is about _____ mmHg. 8. Pulse pressure (PP) is the difference between ____________ pressure and _____________ pressure. Write the equation for pulse pressure: PP = ____________ 9. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) is the calculated average pressure in the arteries. It is closer to the diastolic pressure because the heart spends more time in ____________. Write the equation for mean arterial pressure: MAP = _____________ 10. When taking blood pressure, inflate the cuff so that blood flow is __________ in the blood vessel. Open the valve slowly, releasing the pressure. The first sound you hear through the stethoscope is recorded as the ________ pressure. The sounds you hear are due to the ______________________ of the blood. When you don’t hear any sounds, this is recorded as the ________ pressure. For questions 11 and 12, calculate PP and MAP, given SP = 130 mmHg and DP = 70 mmHg (see Quiz section for an example). 11. PP = ___________ 12. MAP = ___________...
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