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exercise_endocrine_topic_4

exercise_endocrine_topic_4 - Endocrine System The Actions...

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Endocrine System: The Actions of Hormones on Target Cells 1. The receptor is activated by the input signal that is the ______________. This signal causes a biochemical change in the cell.  Name three of the five possible changes listed. _________________ _________________ _________________ 2. Water soluble proteins such as __________ and ______________ bind to receptors located where on the  cell? __________________ 3. G proteins:  -What is bound to the G protein in the inactive state? ________ In the active state? __________ -What catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cAMP? _________  _________ -What is known as the first messenger?  _________Second messenger? _________ -A molecule of cAMP activates  ________ ________ __, which can phosphorylate many proteins.  -A single molecule of a hormone can have a large effect on the cell due to this process called  ___________. -What is the enzyme that inactivates cAMP? _________________ 4. Insulin: -Insulin decreases plasma glucose, amino acids and fatty acids by stimulating the conversion of them to  their storage form.  Name these storage forms.
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