exercise_fluids_topic_4

exercise_fluids_topic_4 - c. ______ Bicarbonate levels d....

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Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance: Acid-Base Homeostasis 1. List the three important buffer systems in the body: a. b. c. 2. Write the equation showing the relationship of CO 2 and H 2 O levels with bicarbonate and hydrogen ion levels: CO 2 + H 2 O ___________ ___________ 3. A decrease in respiration will result in _____ CO 2 and will shift the equation to the _______, resulting in an increase in _____ ions, making the plasma more _______. 4. When body pH is decreased, what are the three compensatory renal mechanisms to restore pH? a. b. c. 5. a. Normal arterial pH is ___________ to ___________. b. What is the pH in alkalosis? ________________ c. What is the pH in acidosis? ________________ 6. With ketoacidosis, show what happens to the following: a. ______ Plasma pH b. ______ ( Left or right ) shift of the carbonic acid/bicarbonate system
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Unformatted text preview: c. ______ Bicarbonate levels d. ______ Respiratory rate e. ______ Renal excretion of H+ 7. With metabolic alkalosis, show what happens to the following: a. ______ Plasma pH b. ______ ( Left or right ) shift c. ______ Bicarbonate levels d. ______ Respiratory rate e. ______ Renal excretion of bicarbonate 8. With respiratory acidosis, show what happens to the following: a. ______ Plasma pH b. ______ ( Left or right ) shift c. ______ Respiratory rate d. ______ Renal excretion of bicarbonate e. ______ Renal excretion of H+ 9. With respiratory alkalosis, show what happens to the following: a. ______ Plasma pH b. ______ ( Left or right ) shift c. ______ Respiratory rate d. ______ Renal excretion of bicarbonate e. ______ Renal excretion of H+...
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exercise_fluids_topic_4 - c. ______ Bicarbonate levels d....

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