genpsych1 - Chapter 1 Psychology, Research, and You Outline...

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Chapter 1 – Psychology, Research, and You – Outline I. Becoming a Psychological Detective A. Psychology is the science of behavior and mental process 1. As scientists, we approach this topic in a particular way a. much like a detective, psychologists look for clues, evaluate evidence, form hypotheses, make deductions, and so on B. Arthur Conan Doyle and the photographs of fairies 1. Spirit mediums in the early part of this century bamboozled a number of people who should have known better a. Biased toward believing, Doyle thought fairies were real C. Mentalism Revealed 1. The claims of mentalists provide practice for critical thinking skills 2. The Law of Parsimony advises us on what type of explanation to adopt a. All things being equal, the simpler of two accounts is preferred D. Guidelines for the psychological detective 1. What is the claim and who is making it? 2. Is the claim based on scientific observation? 3. What do statistics reveal? 4. Are there plausible alternative explanations for the claim? II. Research Methods in Psychology
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2009 for the course PSYCH 830:101 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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genpsych1 - Chapter 1 Psychology, Research, and You Outline...

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