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genpsych7 - Chapter 7 Memory I Initial Studies A Ebbinghaus...

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Chapter 7 - Memory I. Initial Studies A. Ebbinghaus' use of nonsense syllables served in the study of serial learning B. Müller relied on the paired-associate method for studying learning and memory C. Free recall is a more recent technique for studying memory D. The curve of forgetting 1. Memory is best shortly after learning, decays steadily from there E. Recognition and relearning 1. Recognition involves identifying previously-learned items within a larger set 2. Relearning refers to the number of trials to master material a second time a. Savings score: Difference between original and subsequent learning II. Traditional Models of Memory A. Human memory as an information processing system 1. Encoding a. Information coded for storage and later retrieval 2. Storage a. Keeping information in memory 3. Retrieval a. Stored memories are brought back to consciousness B. The Atkinson-Shiffrin model 1. Sensory memory a. Information stored briefly at the level of the senses 2. Short-term memory a. Information held for 10 to 20 seconds b. 7±2 capacity helps define short-term memory storage
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