Chapter 2 - ii. It withstands all attempts to falsify it,...

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Chapter 2-Scientific Methods in Psychology Module 2.1- Thinking Critically and Evaluating Evidence 1. What is logical deduction? a. Process of deriving a conclusion from premises already accepted b. It gives us a definite conclusion but only if the premises are true 2. What is induction? a. The process of inferring a general principle from observations. 3. What is a theory a. an explanation that fits many observations and makes predictions. b. What is a Good Theory? i. Helps us make sense of our experience. Fitting old observations is important but more important is to predict new observations.
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Unformatted text preview: ii. It withstands all attempts to falsify it, the process of elimination. c. No theory can be proven by just an observation d. What is the purpose of research? i. Karl Popper instead that the purpose is to eliminate theories that are incorrect. e. What is falsifiable? i. A theory stated in such clear, precise terms that we can see what evidence would count against it. f. What is a bad theory, and not falsifiable? i. A theory that is vague or badly stated is not falsifiable because we cannot imagine evidence that would count against it....
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