poli10 sg 1 - Poli 10 Midterm Study Guide 1 What is...

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Poli 10 Midterm Study Guide 1. What is political power? How can it be exercised? Power refers to an officeholder’s actual influence with other officeholders, and as a consequence, over the government’s actions. Political power can be exercised through government institutions (whether they are at the local, state or national level). They can exercise this power through offices which confer on their occupant’s specific authority with responsibilities. Offices and their principals also utilize their authority which is the acknowledgement to make a particular decision. Power can be divided up between simple majority, tyranny, and plurality. All of which have their unique pros and cons. 2. What are the assumptions and goals of a democratic form of government (pure/ideal)? Why are minority rights compatible with democracy? Why might they conflict? The assumptions of a democratic form of government are that every member or citizen of that state is considered to be free and have an equal representation with respect to governmental/bureaucratic outcomes. This description is based on an unrealistic utopian premise that allows for American Federalism to play a larger role in the goal of government. According to James Madison “the government must be able to control the governed, and in the next place oblige it control itself.” Minority rights are compatible with the definition of democracy because minorities (of any sense) are entitled to an equal representation in government despite their minority standing. Minority rights are compatible because democracy is based on the premise that “every man is created equal.” There might be conflict because empirically minorities are always seen as outcasts. These minorities are racial, religious, and sexist. This can be seen in the 3/5ths cause, women’s rights in the 1920’s and exclusionary restrictions on religious minorities. 3. What is the difference between majority rule and consensual democracy ? What is the law of cyclical majorities? Majority rule refers to simple majorities, or one-half plus one. Majority refers to a simple majority, and embodies political equality, which means that each citizen’s vote carries the same weight and all citizens have the same opportunity to participate in the nation’s civic life. Consensual democracy refers to a liberal democratic state characterized by a low level of the opposition to the framework of values and regulations for the resolution of political conflict or the achievement in agreement in advance of political decision making. Law of cyclical majorities occur when social choices are intransitive. Cyclical majorities will not occur if the preference ordering of individuals is single peaked. 4. What was the framers (of the Constitution) view of majority rule? minority rule?
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democracy generally?
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