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Book Notes

Book Notes - Southwest Asia or Mesoamerica though 2 Social...

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Book Notes Quiz is over pgs 211-330 Chapter 8 Theories about the Origins of Food Production A. Early Hypotheses 1. Neolithic Revolution: coined by Vere Gordon Childe. Proposed that a major economic revolution took place in Southwest Asia during a period of severe drought; this climatic crisis caused a symbiotic relationship between humans and animals in fertile oases. 2. Braidwood thought that Childe’s theory was wrong and that human capacity and enthusiasm for experimentation made it possible for people to domesticate animals. B. Multivariate Hypotheses 1. Population pressure: Hunter-gatherer societies had to abandon gathering because their populations had reached the limit that their food resources could support. There is no evidence for high population densities in
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Unformatted text preview: Southwest Asia or Mesoamerica though. 2. Social Theories: Barbara Bender thought that some hunter-gatherer societies were becoming more complex socially, with far more elaborate hierarchical social organizations. An expansion of trade and of political alliances between neighboring groups created more social and economic pressures to produce more and more surplus goods, including food and objects. 3. Population and Resources: Boserup points out that food production systems of any type are highly flexible. 4. Climatic change: Climactic shocks could have been causes of food production 5. Ecological Theories Opportunities and “attractiveness” 6. Social Competition...
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