PSY Study Guide 2

PSY Study Guide 2 - 1) Behaviorism- the view that...

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1.) Behaviorism- the view that psychology should be an objective sceine that studies behacior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with but not with. 2.) Humanistic psychology- historicall significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of health people:used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth. 3.) Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. 4.) Nature-Nurture issue- the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development ofpsyuchological traits and behaviors. Today’s science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture. 5.) Levels of analysis- the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon. 6.) Biopsychosocial approach- and integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis. 7.) Basic research- pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base. 8.) Applied research- scientific study that aims to solve practical problems 9.) Counseling psychology- a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being. 10.) Clinical psychology- a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders. 11.) Psychiatry- a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy. 12.) SQ3R- a study method incorporating five steps: Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review.
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13.) Hindsight bias- the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen . 14.) Critical thinking- thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions. 15.) Theory- and explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events. 16.) Hypothesis- a testable prediction, often implied by theory. 17.)Operational definition- a statement of the procedures used to define research variables. 18.) Replication- repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participents in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances. 19.) Case study- an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles. 20.) Survey- a technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of people, usually by questioning a representative, random sample of them. 21.)
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PSY Study Guide 2 - 1) Behaviorism- the view that...

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