Midterm - Ideology This term was coined by Napoleon Bonaparte and stems from the French Revolution It is used to refer to a set of beliefs that

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Ideology : This term was coined by Napoleon Bonaparte and stems from the French Revolution. It is used to refer to a set of beliefs that justify a system. Every social movement that occurred throughout history was backed by an ideology. Those who subscribe to a certain ideology tend to stick to it despite what may happen in reality. In the 1880s, for example, Fredrick Taylor spring boarded the efficiency craze. His system (Taylorism) was buffered by the ideology that scientific management would increase production. Taylor did not denounce his system even when instances of deskilling and dehumanization (what Marx referred to as alienation from species being ) were observed. Woodrow Wilson: Wilson became the 28 th president of the United States after he won the 1912 election. In 1916, he was elected for a second term, in which he led the United States into the WWI. He instituted the first draft and funded the war through bonds. He was a demagogue who evoked patriotism by using government forces such as four minute men to spew pro-war propaganda. In doing so, Wilson was able to vilify the Germans and thus mobilize US citizens. Anarchism : Literally means chaos but can also refer to a distain for the involvement of the government in individuals’ lives. Anarchists are often considered radical left-wing ideologists. As such, anarchists played an integral role in the labor movement. During the Gilded Age, anarchist-led organizations such as the Central Labor Union led efforts to organize and mobilize eight-hour workday proponents. After the bombing, eight anarchists were tried for murder, half of whom were eventually put to death. The anarchists’ deaths are considered
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2009 for the course HIST 162 taught by Professor Dougherty during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.

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Midterm - Ideology This term was coined by Napoleon Bonaparte and stems from the French Revolution It is used to refer to a set of beliefs that

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