ch.1notes

ch.1notes - Ch. 1 Intro. To Interpersonal Communication...

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Ch. 1 – Intro. To Interpersonal Communication Intro. Interpersonal communication is pervasive in our lives Communication Apprehension - the extent to which people exhibit anxiety about speaking to others Understanding Interpersonal Communication IC is a complex process that’s hard to define There are 6 different types of communication (they’re not mutually exclusive): o Intrapersonal - communication with ourselves- imagining, perceiving, or solving problems in your head o Interpersonal - the process of message transaction between people (usually 2) who work toward creating and sustaining shared meaning o Small Group - between and among members of a team who meet for a common purpose or goal o Organizational - with and among large, extended groups o Mass - to a large audience via some mediated channel (tv, radio, internet, newspaper) o Public - one person gives a speech to a large audience in person Models of Communication Models of Communication - visual, simplified representations of complex relationships in the communication process developed to further understanding Three models: o Mechanistic Thinking and the Linear Model Developed by Shannon and Weaver (1949)- they were interested in how info passed through various channel Info transmission viewed as a linear process Linear Model of Communication - frames communication as a one-way process that transmits a message to a destination When a message is sent and received, communication takes place Several components comprise this model: Sender - source of the Message , which may be spoken, written, or unspoken Receiver - intended target of the message- assigns meaning to the message Channel - pathway to communication- channels represent our senses Noise - anything that interferes with the message. Four types of noise can interfere with the message: o Physical Noise - (external noise)- involves any stimuli outside of the receiver that make the message difficult to hear- can also take the form of something distracting the person is wearing 1
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Ch. 1 – Intro. To Interpersonal Communication o Physiological Noise - biological influences on message reception- articulation problems, hearing or visual impairments o Psychological Noise - (internal noise)- a communicator’s biases, prejudices, and feelings toward a person or message o Semantic Noise - occurs when senders and receivers apply different meanings to the same message Context- the environment in which a message is sent- multidimensional, can be physical, cultural, psychological, or historical o Physical Context- the tangible environment in which communication occurs o Cultural Context- rules, roles, norms, and patterns of communication that are unique to particular cultures o Social-Emotional Context - associated with the nature of the relationship that affects a
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ch.1notes - Ch. 1 Intro. To Interpersonal Communication...

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