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ch.3notes - Ch.3 Communication, Culture, and Identity...

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Ch.3 – Communication, Culture, and Identity Introduction Most people communicate with the belief that others will understand them. Most English speakers use their own nonverbal codes and don’t think about how nonverbal communication differs across cultures. Many people in the U.S. value emotional expressiveness, yet research shows that some cultural groups do not freely express their feelings. Intercultural communication refers to communication between and among individuals and groups whose cultural backgrounds differ- they don’t have to be from different countries: o Intercultural Communication- communication across national cultures o Cross-Cultural Communication- communication between groups within one national culture Diversity in the United States: A Nation of Newcomers Intercultural contact is pervasive in the U.S.- this diversity affects family structure, corporations, religious institutions, schools, and the media. Increase in diversity is not without consequences- at times it is very challenging. Relating to individuals rather than to the culture is an effective first step toward bridging intercultural relationships. With the exception of Native peoples, who were the first cultural group in the United States, we live in a nation of immigrants. We support newcomers, but a backlash is increasing. Edward Hall- “culture is comm and comm is culture”- we learn how, where, why, when, and to whom we communicate through cultural teachings- when we comm, we are producing and reinforcing our cultural practices. Learning to communicate with members of different cultures is a hallmark of a thoughtful and effective communicator. Defining Culture Culture - the shared, personal, and learned life experiences of a group of who have a common set of values, norms, and traditions. Values- culture’s standards and what it emphasizes most. Norms- patterns of communication. Traditions- customs of a culture. Three assumptions in the definition of Culture: o Culture is learned We learn values, norms, and traditions of culture through the communication of symbols for meaning We learn about culture both consciously (direct teaching) and unconsciously (observation). o Culture creates community Community- common understandings among people who are committed to coexisting together 1
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Ch.3 – Communication, Culture, and Identity Cultures create their own sets of values, norms, rules, and customs- which help them to communicate. Co-cultures- communities filled with a number of cultures within cultures. Each community has individual and unique communication behaviors and practices, but each community also subscribes to behaviors and practices embraced by the larger U.S. culture A Culture Class is a conflict over cultural expectations. o
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ch.3notes - Ch.3 Communication, Culture, and Identity...

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