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Unformatted text preview: 1/19 History of Psychology • Science of psychology o Roots 1. Philosophy • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle 2. Biology • Especially physiology • Predisposition to knowledge • Rene Decardes (1596 – 1650) o 1 st modern western philosophy o Trig o Four influences of Decardes on the development of psychology 1. Skepticism 2. Humans are defined by thinking: I think therefore I am 3. Body is a machine 4. Mind and body exist and interact • Mind-body problem – how can two separate realms of existence—the material and the mental—interact o Empiricism : knowledge comes from experience through the senses 1/22 Physiology: how parts of the body function • Wilkom Wunt (1832-1920): founder of modern psychology • End of 1800’s when psychology became “official” • Introspection : research method, in which observers examine, record, and describe their own internal mental processes Functionalism : view in psychology that focused on how mental/behavioral processes function. • Developed in the U.S. • The only place to get a PhD in Psychology was in Germany • 2 influences for it’s development o Darwinism o America’s practical attitude getting money in return for psychology Behaviorism : the view that psychology should be an objective science without reference to the mind • Should study behavior, not mind • You talking about your thoughts is a behavior observation not an observation of the mind Brain Thinking Computer • Development in brain sciences and computers let to Cognitive Psychology Clinical Psychology : a branch of psychology that studies, assesses and treats people with psychological disorders • Education • Medical • Grew more in the U.S. after WWII, when funding was put in for soldiers • Freud Psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes • Neuroscience: how brain and body are related to thinking, emotion, and behavior • Evolutionary: how certain traits allow us to adapt to the environment and pass on our genes • Cognitive : how we encode, process, and retrieve information • Behavioral : how we learn observable responses • Psychodynamics: how unconscious drives and conflicts influence thinking and behavior Major Subfields of Psychology • Basic Research: pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base • Applied Research : scientific study that aims to solve practical problems • Clinical psychology : a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders • Psychiatry: a branch of medicine dealing problems and repression with psychological disorders o Practiced by physicians (medical doctors) o Sometimes use medical treatments as well as psychological therapy • Psychoanalysis: Therapeutic techniques based on Freudian or other psychodynamic perspectives o Usually practiced by psychiatrics o Focus on unconscious conflicts, developmental 1/29 Steps In A Scientific Study • Formulate Hypothesis • Design Study • Collect data • Analyze data and draw conclusions...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2009 for the course PSYC 1000 taught by Professor Berta during the Fall '06 term at Colorado.
- Fall '06