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Week 7 Ivan IV - 1565 Ivan’s conditional return Reign of...

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Ivan the Terrible 1533-1584 “A Clever Mind Turned Mad”
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“Ivan the Terrified” Prophecy regarding his birth (1530) Death of father, Vasilii III (1533) Death of mother, Elena Glinskaya (1538) Letters to Andrei Kurbsky
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Ivan the Terrible The Good Years: 1547-1560
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Ivan the Tsar Crowned January 16, 1547 “Tsar and Autocrat of All Russia” Married six months later to Anastasia Zakharina
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Reforms The Chosen Council : “a company of honestly-disposed advisors” The Zemskii Sobor : “assembly of the land” Judicial Reform : new law code Military Reform : streltsy Church Reform : Council of 100 Chapters Re-established strong ties with European countries
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Ivan the Terrible The Mad Years: 1564-1584
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The Great Change 1553: illness 1560: death of Anastasia and subsequent dismissal of Sylvester and Adashev; end of the Chosen Council 1564: Ivan’s “abdication”
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Unformatted text preview: 1565: Ivan’s conditional return Reign of Terror (1565-1572) • Oprichnina: “the land set apart”—the area under the tsar’s personal control • Oprichniki: “army” of servitors who carried out Ivan’s will Oprichnina • Those targeted included real or perceived “enemies” as well as their families • Too arbitrary to make sense • Ultimately its purpose was to undermine the hereditary aristocracy (e.g., boyars) as a major political force in the state Positive Aspects of Ivan’s Reign • Great territorial expansion of Russian state • Strong commercial contacts with Europe • Defeat of Kazan and Astrakhan Tartar strongholds • Claiming of Siberia (Stroganovs) • Cultural advancements: St. Basil’s Cathedral; first Russian encyclopedia; first printing press, state support of the arts (Armory Palace)...
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