Week 14 Alexander II

Week 14 Alexander II - RussianIntelligentsia...

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Russian Intelligentsia
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Intelligentsia (1830s-1880s) Members of a subclass of Russian society whose main focus was intellectual life and discussion Predominantly from upper classes, but included sons and daughters of clergy, civil servants, and merchants
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Intelligentsia criticized “the system” and propounded a wide range of solutions to Russia’s problems, from conservative to revolutionary The majority of intelligentsia preferred peaceful change Two main schools of thought: Westernizers and Slavophiles; also, Populists
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Westernizers Hailed the work of Peter I and urged reform following his example Felt that Russia should adapt essential values and institutions of the West to the needs of Russian society Stressed rational and secular thought Wanted to bring about changes in education, government, and social reform
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Slavophiles Idealized Russia’s past and rejected Western civilization as a model for Russian development Espoused a future good society in Russia based on
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Week 14 Alexander II - RussianIntelligentsia...

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