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Week 16 Nicholas II

Week 16 Nicholas II - TheLastTsars AlexanderIII,NicholasII...

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The Last Tsars The End of Imperial Russia
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Alexander III, Nicholas II Alexander III: 1881-1894; very much like Nicholas I in personality and rule Nicholas II: 1894-1917; weak-willed, short- sighted, oblivious; easily influenced by powerful personalities
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Sergei Witte
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Witte System A program for economic modernization Created subsidies and tariffs to support heavy industry Borrowed from foreign countries to accelerate industrialization Heavy taxation of peasant to accumulate capital to fund state projects (e.g. railroads)
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Impact on Peasants Peasants burdened by Witte System in 3 ways: 1. Directly, through personal tax 2. Indirectly, through taxes on certain consumer goods 3. Government purchased grain at low prices
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Revolution of 1905 January-October 1905: broad national movement for major change Almost every social group participated Began with “Bloody Sunday” and ended with the “October Manifesto”
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October Manifesto (Witte) Provided basic civil liberties: press,
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