Social Science Lecture #1

Social Science Lecture #1 - Ways of Knowing 9/5/2007...

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Ways of Knowing 05/09/2007 13:00:00 Introduction to Social Sciences: Ways of Knowing The phenomenon of social change o Modernization Western Europe  North America-> End of 19 th  century, whole  world o Constantly bombarded by change o What is Social Science? o study OF  HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN ALL OF ITS FACITS BY USING A  SPECIFIC METHOD IOF ITS UNDERSTANDING o Can’t explain human behavior completely unless you know the  intention of the actor  hidden or covert part that motivates individuals o Cultural Differences   different cultures do not think or see things in  the same way Politics, religion, sexual practices, social class “We killed her for going out with boys”-> honor killing,  steep in village conditions in Turkey.  Even in England  (Large influxes from the Middle East). Estimates 500,000 women and girls are killed every year  for bringing dishonor to the family or being raped o The Projective Technique “Ink blot test”   asked to interpret what blotches of ink look like Depends on individual perspectives  Natural science is easily measured vs. social science How do you quantify how a specific culture measures  social ranking? Crime  poverty, family, social pressures May vary from society to society Years ago crime had little to do with braking down  of family, now it is imminent Middle ages  epilepsy, personality disorders  were viewed as blessings from God Joan of Arc was possibly a schizophrenic who  would have been put into an insane asylum today
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Social scientists are part of what they are studying Objectivity is very difficult, if not impossible in Social  Science  social scientists can easily become  emotionally involved by the people they study o The problem of “going native” Social Scientists identify so closely with those they study, they  loose sense of themselves o Gay Talese, Thy Neighbor’s Wife “Wife Swapping” in suburban families Swapped his own wife and got involved with other people If a chemist fell in love with chemicals and molecules it can’t  affect the outcome Traditional ways of knowing o Don’t always work, can’t rely on them Revelation The Bible tells me so… the Bible is revealed knowledge  that comes from God Olga  Painted Bird. Puss marinated in vinegar is  a cure for colds Bible Tradition Involves what has worked in the past Old days sons learned trade in life by following in  the footsteps of their fathers Bonds people with their culture Disadvantages Narrow-ness of viewpoint Racism Sexism Male Domination Female Mutilation
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CGS SS101 taught by Professor Mcgrath during the Fall '08 term at BU.

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Social Science Lecture #1 - Ways of Knowing 9/5/2007...

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