gov't review #1 - Government Exam Review#1 Disclaimer I...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Government Exam Review #1 Disclaimer: I focused mainly on vocabulary and basic points with a few important details and clarifications. I hope this helps you study, but it’s not my fault if you fail. Chapter 1: Democracy in the US Permanent campaign: condition that prevails in the new American democracy when the next election campaign begins as soon as the last has ended, and the line between electioneering and governing has disappeared Majority: 50% plus 1 Government: institution in society holding a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force -preserves basic fabric of society -protects citizens from unlawful activity -regulates social and economic relationships -defends the country from foreign aggression Aristocracy: describes a government of the few in which the leaders are meritorious and chosen by virtue of birth Oligarchy: describes gov. by the few, in which the individuals in power are not titled nobility but capture power through military action or political party Democracy: a government in which all citizens share power Representatives: individuals, periodically chosen by citizens who have the authority to decide what governments do Prospective voting: when citizens look to the future while voting Delegate: a representative who reflects the opinions of those who elected him or her to office Constituents: the people legally entitled to vote for an officeholder Trustee: one who acts on behalf of the benefit of the citizens rather than retroactively Retrospective voting: voting on the basis of past policies rather than guessing at the results of future policies Recall election: attempts to remove incumbents from office before the completion of their term Primary election: preliminary contest that narrows the number of the parties’ candidates and determines who will be the nominees in the general election General election: final election that selects an office holder Initiative: proposed law or state constitutional amendment placed on the ballot in response to a citizen petition Referendum: a law or state constitutional amendment that is proposed by a legislature or other elected body but goes into effect only if approved by a specified majority of voters Proposition: an initiative or referendum that often provides a basis for political action Single-issue voter: Voters who care so deeply about some particular issue that their votes are determined by a candidate’s position on this one issue
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Summary: -politicians have frequent opportunities to manipulate the public opinion and elections (government is “legitimate coercion”) -democracy can be direct or representative, US is a representative that originally blended two models of representation: delegate and trustee -changing technologies is good, because more voting demographics can be reached -American democratic reform is moving towards an “inclusive, responsive democracy” Chapter 2: Establishing a Constitutional Democracy Federalists: those who wrote, campaigned for ratification of Constitution
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/24/2009 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 13

gov't review #1 - Government Exam Review#1 Disclaimer I...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online