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Unformatted text preview: Listen , by Joseph Kerman UNIT 1 TEXTBOOK NOTES CHAPTER 1: MUSIC, SOUND, AND TIME • A March by Hector Berlioz o Berlioz was a great composer, born in the early 1800s One of the first Romantics of music Fantastic Symphony was Berlioz’s first major composition • Preliminaries – preparation for the main parts of the song or composition o Help establish a background and pulse o Often provided with instruments such as drums or low instruments to set up the beat • Scale theme – a tune with a distinctive rhythm • Crescendo – the music of a composition increases in volume over time (def. in Italian, “growing”) • Cadence – a moment or passage that concludes a piece of music or section • Pitch (frequency) o Frequency – the term for the rate of sound o Measured in cycles per second o Low pitch = low frequency, high pitch = high frequency • Dynamics (amplitude) o Amplitude – the level of strength of sound vibrations o Measured in decibels o Pianissimo (pp) – very soft...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course MUSIC 21 taught by Professor Young during the Spring '08 term at Pasadena City College.
- Spring '08