IntroductionConstrual2 - Welcome to Social Psychology PSYC...

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Unformatted text preview: Welcome to Social Psychology PSYC 2084 Julie Kalanick, M.S. What is at the heart of Social Psychology? Understanding the power of Social Influence Words, actions, thoughts, or presence of others Lingering effects E.g., parent's views Affects our thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavior Social Psychology is the study of the universal mechanisms underlying WHY and HOW we behave Construal Primary Social Influence is on our construal of the world How we perceive, comprehend and interpret We have unique lenses that have been shaped by our emotions, attitudes, and life-experiences Influence how we view and respond to the world Not necessarily conscious Much of our daily actions are on auto-pilot Using Construal to Understand others To understand a person's behavior, need to understand how that person construes his/her environment What we see as objective behavior is really the result of our construal Need to account for the situation in our construal Behavior is a function of the Person X Situation Take a Gestalt Perspective to understand Behavior Behaviorism relies on Stimulus-Response How does Construal give us a richer explanation for behavior compared with Behaviorism? relationships Examples? Construal is embedded in the middle and gives the organism participation! **Errors of Construal** 1) Failure to recognize the constructed nature of our own perceptions Not necessarily a 1 : 1 correspondence between objective reality and subjective experience E.x., Jury, Media Errors Cont. 2) Failure to appreciate variability in construal egocentrism Don't judge someone until you have walked in their shoes 3) Severely underestimate the power of the situation... There is a dynamic interplay between the person and the situation The Situation Naive to rely solely on "common sense" The situation is typically: underestimated oversimplified E.g., aggression, stealing, community service Scrutinize the details of the situation!!! The situation is immensely powerful because it primes certain construals Power of the Situation Continued Situation leads ordinary people to do extraordinary things E.g., Stanley Milgram Study Authority and Obedience E.g., Minnesota Bridge Collapse E.g., 9/11 Tragedy Movie: Zimbardo Prison Experiment Why were the Guards so mean? Are they mean PEOPLE? Deindividuation No names Roles Modeling Diffusion of Responsibility Escalation of Behavior Blaming/ Derogation of the Victim The power of Rationalization ...
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