Philosophy-Moore and Cohen

Philosophy-Moore and Cohen - There are two things that...

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There are two things that Cohen is trying to defend in “Contextualism and Skepticism”: the first is that ascriptions of knowledge are context sensitive; the second is how the contexualist view can go a long way toward providing a satisfactory response to skepticism. To prove the first ones he speaks of how one sentence have different truth- values in different contexts. Two people say S knows P, but only one is right, or one person says S knows P and one says S doesn’t know P, and both speakers are right. He speaks of intrinsic relativism and how it depends on one’s own personal context, which is proved in the airplane story. Smith had a looser context, so he was right in his own mind when he said that ‘he knew.’ John/Mary had stricter context, so they were right in their own minds when they said, ‘Smith did not know.’ Both groups are right because Cohen says the ascription of knowledge is context sensitive, depending on things such as purposes, intentions, expectations, etc…For Smith, he had weak standards; therefore, it was easy for him to believe the itinerary. While, John and Mary had strict standards and
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Philosophy-Moore and Cohen - There are two things that...

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