unger phil notes

unger phil notes - Unger requires that if you know...

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Closure Argument 3 responses to the closure argument=Moore’s Response The denial of Closure Contextualism Unger: (1) If you know something, its ok to be certain that it is true (2) Its never ok to be certain that anything is true (3) You don’t know anything (To hedge your bets on claims x, means to pay a pricee for a benefit that will only obtain if f is false) (being certain of something is being prepared to rely on it in every possible context). If that’s right, then if you know something, then it is okay to rely on it in every possible context. Deny this premise by saying someone can know something, and it wouldn’t be ok to rely on it in every possible context. Unger thinks- if you know something, you are certain it is true.
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Unformatted text preview: Unger requires that if you know something, it is okay to say your certain it is true 1) Claims of the form S knows that X but s is not sure that x is true are always wrong 2) If you know that x is true, you are certain that x is true (ie knowledge involves certainty) 3) If you know that x is true, then its ok for you to know that x is true If you are certain, u would rely on it completely and not hedge your bets in any possible context If your absolutely certain somethings true, it wouldnt be rational to hedge your bets For every possible claim, there would be some circumstance not to rely on it completely, but to hedge your bets Conclusion: it is not okay to be certain...
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