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chapter-19-key-terms - Harriet Beecher Stowe(1811-1896...

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Harriet Beecher Stowe: (1811-1896), American writer and abolitionist, author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), a forceful indictment of slavery and one of the most powerful novels of its kind in American literature. o Hinton R. Helper: the only prominent American Southern author to attack slavery before the outbreak of the American Civil War (1861–65). His thesis widely influenced Northern opinion and served as an important force in the antislavery movement. Despite his limited education, Helper was suddenly catapulted into the national limelight in 1857 with the publication of The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It, in which he attacked slavery not because it exploited the black bondsman but because it victimized non-slaveholding whites and inhibited Southern economic progress. As almost the only Southern protest against slavery since early in the 19th century, The Impending Crisis caused a furor in both North and South. For his own safety, Helper moved to New York City, and in 1861 he was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as consul in Buenos Aires , where he served until 1866. Although Helper opposed slavery, he was not pro-black. After the war, he wrote three bitter racist tracts advocating deportation of blacks to Africa or Latin America. He later developed an obsession to build a railroad from Hudson Bay to the Strait of Magellan. Poverty-stricken after many years as a Washington lobbyist and political hanger-on, he committed suicide. o John Brown: (1800-1859), called Old Brown of Osawatomie, American abolitionist, whose attempt to end slavery by force greatly increased tension between North and South in the period before the American Civil War. Aided by increased financial support from abolitionists in the northeastern states, Brown began in 1857 to formulate a plan, which he had long entertained, to free the slaves by armed force. He secretly recruited a small band of supporters for this
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