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HRIM Exam 3 Notes - HRIM Notes CHAPTER 13 Tourism Front and...

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HRIM Notes October 22, 2008 CHAPTER 13 – Tourism: Front and Center Definition of Tourism Pg. 416 “collection” of productive business and governmental organizations that serve the traveler away from home. Tourism Partners Restaurants Hotels Motels Resorts Transportation Rental cars Travel Agents National and state park or recreation areas Private attractions Advertising companies Publications Transportation equipment manufacturers Travel research and development agencies Trends the support growth in tourism Review p. 417 – figure 13.1 o Person trip = one person taking on trip; o Trip = 100 miles or more away from home
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Leisure time growth? – p. 418 o More liberal vacation policy o More number of legal and paid holidays Income Trends o Two-Income families – adds security o Growth in the mature market – people over 55 – p. 419 “In 2010, this segment will equal 75 million of population. In effect, their mortgages are paid and a large proportion of them have a nest egg of savings and retirement benefits on which to draw. This puts them in a position to be able to travel.” Travel Trends o Most frequent reason for travel is to visit family and friends o Second reason is other pleasure travel for outdoor recreation and entertainment o Business and convention travel accounted for 19% Mode of travel for long distance trips: o Automobile is first o Airlines are second Trip duration is shorter: 1-2 nights $702.5 Billion in direct expenditures in 2006 o ($528.5 billion in 2002) o ($539.6 billion in 1999) 2005 – 7.2 million people employed in tourism $100 billion in tax receipts
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o (1 in every 17 civilian employees is employed in an activity supported by travel expenditures.) Multiplier effect – see p. 425 – figure 13.4 International Tourism World travel and tourism council says by 2012 spending will have reached $6 trillion. Reasons for growth in travel to US include the world’s rising standard of living (western Europe, Asia, and Latin America) and political changes in Eastern Europe as well as competition among international air carriers as well as currency fluctuation. HRIM Notes October 27, 2008 Chapter 14 - Destinations: Tourism Generators Recreation – revivification, new vigor, refreshment, and reanimation, as well as amusement of balance in our lives. Destination Generators Primary destinations (touring) – have a wide market and draw travelers o Ex – from a great distance – Disney, Las Vegas Secondary destinations (stop over) o Ex – Hoover Dam Theme Parks 600 Major theme parks 335 Million visitors in 2005 $10 Billion revenue in U.S. $19 Billion worldwide
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o Disney World 47 square miles Four theme parks Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Animal Kingdom, etc.
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