HNF150_09_Exam_1_B-secure-1 - HNF150 SP09 EXAM 1 Multiple...

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Unformatted text preview: HNF150 SP09 EXAM 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Which nutritional source would be considered MOST credible? A. The American Dietetics Association B. A weight loss guide from Angelina Jolie C. Your next door neighbor D. A cereal box E. The American Statistical Associatin 2. In which part of the body does chemical digestion begin? A. mouth B. esophagus C. stomach D. small intestine E. eyes 3. A friend asks you what type of oil to use in cooking. She wants to use an oil that is highest in monounsaturated fat and low in saturated fat. Which oil would you suggest? A. coconut oil B. safflower oil C. olive oil D. palm kernel oil E. corn oil 4. According to the video “How to get fat without really trying”, what is the most heavily subsidized crop in the US? A. corn B. beef C. oats D. wheat E. rice 5. Drinking alcohol in moderation is defined by the 2005 Dietary Guidelines as up to drink(s) for men and drink(s) for women per day. A. 2, 3 B. 1, 2 C. 4, 3 D. 2, 1 E. 3, 2 6. Which organ uses only glucose for fuel under normal conditions? A. brain B. liver C. pancreas D. stomach E. heart 7. Which component of a grain contains the highest amount of carbohydrate? A. Endosperm B. Bran C. Glycogen D. Husk ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 8. ____ 9. ____ 10. ____ 11. ____ 12. ____ 13. ____ 14. ____ 15. E. Germ Foods that are rich in nutrients relative to their energy contents are foods with high ________. A. calorie control B. dietary moderation C. energy density D. nutrient density E. nutrient balance Which provides tennis players with the immediate bursts of energy they need to play well? A. sterols. B. fatty acids. C. glycogen. D. lipoproteins. E. glucagon. If you were hypoglycemic, which food would BEST bring your blood sugar back up to normal levels? A. a slice of hard sharp cheese B. diet soda without caffeine C. skim milk D. steak E. broccoli Healthy circulation in the body requires several components. Which of the following is one of the requirements of healthy circulation? A. extra veins to move blood in the body B. relaxation of the heart C. ample fluid intake D. absolutely no family history of CVD E. fast moving digestive system What is the composition of high fructose corn sweetener? A. Glucose only B. Fructose only C. Galactose and sucrose D. Fructose and glucose E. Lactose and maltose Which is a characteristic of the Mediterranean diet? A. low in saturated and monounsaturated fat B. plenty of fruits and vegetables, including greens C. heavy emphasis on traditional cheeses D. heavy alcohol consumption E. corn oil as the primary fat. Which of the following provides 9 calories per gram? A. Alcohol B. Carbohydrate C. Fat D. Water E. Protein Which statement best describes the effects of smoking in relation to cardiovascular disease? A. Smoking lowers blood LDL levels. B. Smoking lowers blood HDL levels. C. Smoking decreases blood clotting. D. Smoking decreases rate of lipid oxidation. ____ 16. Which food would NOT be a regular part of a healthy/safe diabetic diet? A. white bread with butter B. whole wheat bread with honey C. skim milk D. brown rice E. steamed cabbage ____ 17. One serving of Ritz crackers provides 5 grams of fat and 100 total calories. What is the percentage of calories from fat in one serving of Ritz crackers? A. 5% B. 10% C. 20% D. 45% E. 50% ____ 18. Which ordering is the correct sequence of steps involved in the Scientific Method? I. Peer review of results II. Perform the experiment III. Observe a phenomenon IV. Formulate a hypothesis/educated guess V. Replicate findings by independent experiments A. III, IV, II, I, V B. IV, III, II, V, I C. IV, II, III, I, V D. II, IV, III, I, V E. I, III, II, IV, V ____ 19. Which organ does the MOST work to process alcohol in the body? A. spleen B. stomach C. pancreas D. liver E. brain ____ 20. Which of the following restores sobriety in someone who has been drinking alcohol? A. drinking water B. time C. walking D. drinking coffee E. eating food ____ 21. Ketosis is not a normal condition of the body. For which group is it especially dangerous? A. middle aged men B. the elderly C. pregnant women D. politicians E. college students ____ 22. What is the main source of trans fatty acids in the American diet? A. partially hydrogenated oils B. fully hydrogenated oils C. butter D. meat E. seafoods ____ 23. What combination of monosaccharides forms the disaccharide maltose? A. Glucose and Glucose B. Fructose and Fructose C. Glucose and Galactose D. Fructose and Glucose E. Fructose and Galactose ____ 24. Which organ secretes the hormones glucagon and insulin? A. Kidneys B. Appendix C. Liver D. Pancreas E. Spleen ____ 25. Kim likes to eat chocolate chip ice cream from the MSU Dairy Store every day after class. She enjoys the ice cream, but experiences bloating, flatulence, and stomach aches after her daily treat. What is the most likely explanation for what happens to Kim? A. She is allergic to chocolate. B. She has diabetes. C. She is allergic to saturated fat. D. She is lacking the enzyme galactase. (TYPO: Should have said “lactase”) E. She has a stomach tumor. Which two organs store glycogen? A. kidneys and muscles B. small intestine and muscles C. liver and muscles D. liver and kidneys E. pancreas and small intestine Which term describes a stationary blood clot that cuts off a blood vessel? A. Diverticulosis B. Thrombosis C. Atherosclerosis D. Embolism E. Aneurysm True/False: Dietary supplements and functional foods are largely unregulated by the United States government. A. True B. False How does the nervous system react during the fight-or-flight/stress response? A. speeds up the work of the digestive system. B. relaxes muscles to calm you down. C. releases stored glucose from the liver. D. slows down breathing to conserve oxygen. E. temporarily shuts down metabolism. Which of the following does NOT contribute cholesterol to the diet? A. Hamburger on a bun B. Popcorn made with hydrogenated soybean oil C. Chicken Sandwich, with lettuce and tomato on whole wheat bread D. Lean cuisine pasta with meat sauce E. Chocolate milkshake A compound in cranberries may prevent some bacteria from clinging to the urinary tract and help prevent urinary tract infections. What is the term that describes this compound? ____ 26. ____ 27. ____ 28. ____ 29. ____ 30. ____ 31. ____ 32. ____ 33. ____ 34. ____ 35. ____ 36. ____ 37. ____ 38. ____ 39. A. phytochemical B. functional food C. natural food D. nutraceutical E. hormone Which flour has been milled AND refined? A. Oatmeal flour B. Sun flower C. Whole-Wheat Flour D. Whole-grain rye flour E. White bread flour Which term refers to the process by which the coarse parts of grains are removed? A. Refined B. Fortified C. Enriched D. Whole meal E. Whole Grain Which nut/seed is HIGHEST in omega-3 fatty acids per serving? A. Cashews B. Walnuts C. Pine nuts D. Almonds E. Peanuts _____ carry/carries cholesterol from the liver to other body tissues and _____ carry/carries cholesterol from the body tissue back to the liver. A. LDL, HDL B. Chylomicrons, LDL C. LDL, Chylomicrons D. VLDL, LDL E. HDL, LDL Which agency/agencies are responsible for setting the Dietary Guidelines for Americans? A. Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) B. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) D. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) E. Both b and d Food labels include percentages for most nutrients listed. What are these percentages based on? A. Daily Values B. Recommended Daily Allowances C. Dietary Reference Intakes D. Upper Intake Levels E. Estimated Average Requirements True/False: The ingredients on a food label are listed in alphabetical order. A. True B. False Harry just ate a small scoop of MSU ice cream that had 10g of fat, 20g of carbohydrate, and 5g of protein. How many calories did his scoop have? A. 110 B. 150 ____ 40. ____ 41. ____ 42. ____ 43. ____ 44. ____ 45. ____ 46. ____ 47. C. 200 D. 350 E. 190 What is chyme? A. partialy digested food in the stomach B. a digestive enzyme C. pancreatic excretions D. bicarbonate in the small intestine E. the breath we exhale What is the definition of emulsification? A. Adding cholesterol to low-density lipoproteins. B. Adding hydrogen to unsaturated fatty acids to make fat more solid. C. Allowing the gallbladder to release bile. D. Causing an immune defense against injury. E. Mixing lipids with water by adding substances such as bile. Which is a possible fate of glucose once it reaches the liver? A. It gets dumped into the kidneys for waste removal. B. It is stored as glucose. C. It is used to make non-essential amino acids. D. It is used to make cholesterol. Which food contains carbohydrates that would be most beneficial for your heart? A. Ritz crackers B. Black beans C. Grape jelly D. Apple juice E. French bread Which is a likely consequence of consuming a food with a HIGH glycemic index/glycemic load as compared to consuming a LOW glycemic index/load food? A. There is a small rise in blood glucose. B. Less insulin is produced. C. Blood glucose smoothly returns to normal levels. D. Less glycogen is produced. E. Blood glucose drops below normal. Which organ stores bile before it is released into the intestine? A. Pancreas B. Gallbladder C. Kidney D. Liver E. Appendix Less than percent of daily calories should come from saturated fat, according to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. A. 10 B. 12 C. 5 D. 14 E. 20 Which of the following is NOT required on food labels in the United States? A. Calcium B. Vitamin A C. Vitamin C D. Total fat E. Vitamin E ____ 48. Which of these food components is indigestible by the enzymes in the small intestine? A. dissacharrides B. polypeptides C. starch D. triglycerides E. fiber ____ 49. Which is a health property of garlic? A. prevents osteoporosis B. antimicrobial C. attracts vampires D. prevents scurvy E. heals diverticulosis ____ 50. When conducting a well-designed experiment to determine the effects of cocoa powder supplements on blood pressure, one group of random subjects from Haiti is given the cocoa powder pill and another group of random subjects from Haiti is given a placebo pill. Neither the experimenters nor the subjects know which pill they have been given. What is the name of this type of study? A. a placebo-controlled double blind randomized clincial trial B. a randomized cross-sectional study C. a double blind migration study D. a placebo-controlled double blind randomized epidemiological study E. a placebo-controlled randomized clincial trial HNF150 SP09 EXAM 1 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: A A C A D A A D C C C D B C B A D A D B C A A D D; ALL ANSWERS GIVEN CREDIT C B A C B A E A B A E A B E A E 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: C B E B A E E B A ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2009 for the course HNF 150 taught by Professor Thurston during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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