Decolonization, National Liberation, and the Question of Violence

Decolonization, National Liberation, and the Question of Violence

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Decolonization, National Liberation, and the Question of Violence The terms “decolonization” and “national liberation” will both be used repeatedly in upcoming lectures. In order to sharpen your ability to understand these terms in context as you hear the lectures, you should read the following definitions carefully. Although troubling, movements for decolonization and national liberation were increasingly laced with violence as the 20 th century wore on. In the final portion of this short document, you will find a brief introduction as to why that was so. Decolonization is a process of undoing the political, economic, and social relationships and structures that made a country a colony. It can also be thought of as a reversal of the processes and structures of imperialism. The hide tide of movements associated with the term “decolonization” occurred in the period 1945 to 1975. Among the countries we are studying via lectures in History 20, India and Algeria provide classic “case studies” in decolonization; many other countries, especially in Africa and S.E. Asia, also launched decolonization efforts in the decades following World War II. How is “National Liberation,” related to decolonization? Perhaps the easiest way to think of this is to see “National Liberation” as a much broader notion than decolonization. Some people in countries that were unmaking colonialism after World War II also began to talk about National Liberation and ended up calling their political
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2009 for the course HIST 20 taught by Professor Idon'tremember during the Winter '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Decolonization, National Liberation, and the Question of Violence

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