KEY CONCEPTS, part II pdf version

KEY CONCEPTS, part II pdf version - KEY CONCEPTS History 20...

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KEY CONCEPTS, History 20 Part II The Cold War The Third World Decolonization National Liberation
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Why a special class on key concepts? In most of the rest of History 20, the terms Cold War, Third World, Decolonization, and National Liberation will figure prominently. From lecture to lecture, we will be searching, again, for interconnections. Unless we have a firm grasp from the outset on this terminology, it can get very confusing because the interconnections among these terms are complicated and overlapping.
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So, today, we will begin slowly, concept by concept, with some basic information to define each of them. As lectures progress over the next several weeks, we will come back time and again to these terms and analyze how the interconnections among them unfold.
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I. The Cold War The Cold War was a stand-off between the U.S. and the Soviet Union on the division of the post-WWII world. Both sides wanted to see their “way of life” spread globally; this would position each of them to be stronger both at home and abroad.
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Most of the stand-off activity happened neither in the Soviet Union nor in the U.S. Rather, it happened in areas of the world that each of the two “superpowers” were making an effort to influence, particularly in new nations that were forming after WWII.
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This is the part of the world that has come to be called THE THIRD WORLD So, the point here is that many of the actual events of the Cold War take place in the Third World.
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II. The Third World A French demographer, Alfred Sauvy, coined the expression “Third World” in 1952, comparing the world’s poor countries to the “third estate” before and during the French
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KEY CONCEPTS, part II pdf version - KEY CONCEPTS History 20...

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