Lecture 5 World War I and Liberal Solutions pdf version

Lecture 5 World War - World War I and Liberal Solutions Statistics to consider WWI lasted from 1914-1918 8-1/2 to 10 million soldiers were killed

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World War I and Liberal “Solutions”
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Statistics to consider WWI lasted from 1914-1918 8-1/2 to 10 million soldiers were killed during that four- year period 27 million more were wounded or taken prisoner 37 million other people remained unaccounted for at the end of the war 58% of all those who fought were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner 73% of all French soldiers were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner 65% of German soldiers; 76% of Russian soldiers; 90% of Austria-Hungary’s soldiers were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner during the War
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I. Why did World War I happen? • Imperialism and increasing competition for global territory was one of the primary reasons for war to begin; powers were pushing up against each other’s global boundaries
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Nationalism also a factor – A close compatriot of imperialism – As countries expanded their boundaries, people everywhere developed strong feelings of belonging to a nation – Governments encouraged new sentiments of patriotism in order to develop citizens’ loyalty
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Arms race/military mobilization– new weapons and massive military spending gave countries the ability to think about waging war in entirely new ways; trains and shipping made it possible to move troops more quickly
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The New Weapons From 1890-1914, spending on military hardware in Europe more than doubled A list of the new weaponry: – Tanks – Airplanes – Submarines – Chemical weapons – Steel battleships – Machine guns – Hand grenades – Anti-aircraft artillery
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• System of alliances—habits of allying with other countries to force others to do one’s bidding had become well-entrenched
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II. Modern warfare and its
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2009 for the course HIST 20 taught by Professor Idon'tremember during the Winter '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Lecture 5 World War - World War I and Liberal Solutions Statistics to consider WWI lasted from 1914-1918 8-1/2 to 10 million soldiers were killed

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