Lecture 8 Fascist Movements pdf version

Lecture 8 Fascist Movements pdf version - Fascist Movements...

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Fascist Movements A 1930s painting in the sentimental realist style depicting German peasants. German fascists saw the peasant as the repository of age- old traditions and as representatives of “the eternalness of a racial stock of unique character.”
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I. What is Fascism? Components of a definition: A philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life. http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Fascism/Fascism_d ef_char_hx.html An extreme form of nationalism that played on fears of communism and rejected individual freedom, liberal individualism, democracy, and limitations on the state. http://www.nelson.com/nelson/polisci/glossary.html [Although this link is now broken, I still like the points made by this short statement. For multiple, more complex statements that play on these basic ideas, see http://www.answers.com/topic/fascism ]
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The word comes from [the Italian] fascio (plural: fasci ), which may mean "bundle," as in a political or militant group or a nation, but also from the fasces (rods bundled around an axe), which were an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of magistrates. Fascism is typified by totalitarian attempts to impose state control over all aspects of life: political, social, cultural, and economic. The fascist state regulates and controls (as opposed to nationalizing) the means of production. Fascism exalts the nation , state , or race as superior to the individuals, institutions, or groups composing it. Fascism uses explicit populist rhetoric; calls for a heroic mass effort to restore past greatness; and demands loyalty to a single leader, often to the point of a cult of personality . The last two points above come from:
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2009 for the course HIST 20 taught by Professor Idon'tremember during the Winter '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Lecture 8 Fascist Movements pdf version - Fascist Movements...

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