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Study Guides - Geology by Design (Study Guide).pdf -...

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GEOLOGY BY DESIGN ANSWER KEYChapter One1A. Day 3 (earth) and day 4 (universe)1B. Supernatural creation versus a cosmic accident1C. No2. Trust the biblical account because it is from the God who is the source of all creation and was there.3. A worldview is a philosophy, a means of explaining everything around us. It could be biblicalor based in evolution or based on aliens from outer space, etc. History is a study of the past basedon some sort of record. The record could be from a written account (e.g., the Bible) or from aninterpretation of the rocks. Science is reproducible — you can repeat the process. A particularworldview will underlie the historical interpretation and it might not be based in any science. Forexample, a particular fossil might be interpreted to be 100 million years old. The acceptance of thatidea requires that you accept the earth is old (worldview) and that based on evolution (worldview) itlived 100 million years ago and was eventually buried within the context of earth’s 4.55 billion-year-old natural history (worldview). No science is involved — this cannot be reproduced. It is belief-based.Christians accept the biblical record and it would serve as our worldview. So we would interpret thatsame fossil as a former living organism that was either created or descended from a created life form(worldview). It was probably buried during the great Flood (biblical history) and we can understand itwithin the context of created kinds (worldview and biblical history).4. If the worldview can be reproduced, then it would meet the definition of meeting scientificprinciples. Neither naturalistic nor biblical worldviews meet scientific principles. We cannot recreatewhat has happened in earth’s past. Concepts within those worldviews can be scientifically tested. Forexample, we should be able to breed animals in a manner that might suggest or demonstrate evolution.Instead, we see that life exists in specific created kinds (e.g., cats are cats and dogs are dogs). Thistest uses science to determine if a belief or worldview is credible and the biblical worldview is bestsupported by that particular test. If tests in support of a particular worldview fail then it is time toquestion the worldview and seek another. The Bible account of earth history has never failed anyscientific test in support of the worldview that it proposes.5. The physical rock record (a creationist concept) is what you observe at a specific location (i.e., therocks, sediments, fossils) on earth. However, naturalists know that no place on earth has the completethickness and associated fossils of the entire time scale. Instead, naturalists use the conceptualuniformitarian time scale to place all of the rocks, sediments, and fossils across the earth into achronological order that is consistent with the evolution of life on earth. One is based in reality and theother is conceptual.

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