familyeconomychildlabor_1

familyeconomychildlabor_1 - Good Housekeeping Magazine...

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Unformatted text preview: Good Housekeeping Magazine (Aug. 1913). Childhood Is Sacrificed Daily Childhood Is Sacrificed Daily that Profit May Flow from Every Turn of a Mill-Wheel that Profit May Flow from Every Turn of a Mill-Wheel Work, Workalso for Children The Family Economya way not simply to survive, but to prosper, led to high levels of effort by women, but also labor force activity by relatively young children. This prompted attacks in the early 20 th century on immigrants for their propensity to devalue education in favor of getting wages out of their kids. Lets take a look. Family Economy: collective economic strategies and frugality in pursuit of survival and savings. Women took in boarders and lodgers, kept gardens, and worked out of their homes (industrial home work). Tenement sweat shops targets of progressive reform. Mrs. Raphael Marengin and family at homework, NYC, December 1911. Hine . Children working with mothers, extension of Children working with mothers, extension of domestic tasks, high level of supervision domestic tasks, high level of supervision Photographer Lewis W. Hine, 1908-1912 The History Place http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/pants.jpg Mrs. Battaglia with Tessie, age 12, and Tony, age 7. Mrs. Battaglia works in a garment shop except on Saturdays, when the children sew with her at home. Get 2 or 3 cents a pair finishing men's pants. Said they earn $1 to $1.50 on Saturday. Father disabled and can earn very little. New York City. Portrayed as pure poverty, which, at times, it was. Portrayed as pure poverty, which, at times, it was. But family economy could also be a strategy for success: How much does Dad provide of total household income at different ages? Does Dads decline=household poverty? Proportion of Household $ in 1889-90 Proportion of Household $ in 1917-19 Photographer Lewis W. Hine, 1908-1912 The History Place....
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2009 for the course HIST 325 taught by Professor Gratt during the Fall '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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familyeconomychildlabor_1 - Good Housekeeping Magazine...

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