Chapter 16

Chapter 16 - Chapter16 Renaissance EarlyItali...

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Chapter 16 Renaissance Early Italian Renaissance (1400-1490) Donatello (1386-1466) Tommaso, called Mosaccio (1401 – 1427?) Fra Filippo Lippi, Fra is short for fratello, the Italian word for brother (1406-1469) Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510) I. Renaissance = Rebirth a. The rebirth of classical antiquity i. The historical periods including the civilizations of ancient Greece b. Twin Peaks theory of Art History i. Improves, declines, and then improves over time. ii. Middle Ages = Medioevo = Midieval a.k.a Dark Ages II. The Baptistery a. Competition to create the bronze front doors of the baptistery b. It was a medieval building but they thought it was ancient Roman so they wanted to beautify it with decorative doors c. Two finalists i. Lorenzo Ghiberti – won the competition ii. Filippo Brunelleschi iii. The two finalists in the competition for the commission to make decorative doors for the Florentine baptistery iv. Why Ghiberti won? 1. Left to right action (while Brunelleschi was going right to left, wrong direction human eyes read)
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2. Brunelleschi’s front and centerpiece is the donkey, which doesn’t really mean anything. Therefore, this is not giving the right impression 3. Financially a. Ghiberti made it all at once in one molding while Brunelleschi added the pieces separately. Ghiberti used less bronze (less money spent) 4. Each one tries to immolate classical antiquity a. Ghiberti = figure of Isaac, very graceful and nude figure. There hasn’t been a nude religious art ever in the middle ages i. First nude figure other than like Adam & Eve since classical antiquity ii. Soul was more important in the middle ages b. Brunelleschi i. Spinario, statue of a boy pulling a thorn out of his foot ii. “Spinario” 1. Direct reference making to an ancient work of art III. Renaissance begins in Florence IV. Donatello a. First artist we encounter b. Life i. Premier early Italian Renaissance sculptor c. David i. Marble , 1408 ii. Biblical hero who slewed Goliath d. David i. Different ii. C. 1430 iii. BRONZE
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iv. First life size nude since the classical antiquity days v. Probably made for the private commission of the Medici Family vi. This sculpture would not have been found in a church or public square vii. Stands about 5’2” around 13/14 years old viii. Contraposto – weight on one leg ix. Was believed to be a homosexual 1. Goliath’s head is being squished by David’s foot with his moustache into his toes 2. Birds wings riding up one side of David’s leg e. The Spear-bearer i. Ancient Greek statue f. St. Mark g. Mary Magdalen i. Carved from wood ii. C. 1455 iii. Not going to be living much longer, and thinking of own mortality iv. Anything but sensual and sexual (like his others) v. Hair covering her body vi. Standing contraposto vii. Was in the Baptistery until about 40 years ago when there was a bad flood in the city of Florence 1. As a result of the flood of 1966, we discovered the hair is gilded with a thin layer of the hair h. Gattamelata
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2009 for the course ART 1001 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Chapter 16 - Chapter16 Renaissance EarlyItali...

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