Unit 1 - Unit 1 I. II. III. IV. Dispelling myths a. Not...

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Unit 1 I. Dispelling myths a. Not paleontology or forensics II. What is anthropology? a. Study of people i. Biology is a large part b. Bio-cultural approach i. Behavior and culture – interaction between biology and cultural processes to understand what it means to be human c. Holistic i. Draws from many areas and angles, (biology, cultural, etc.) 1. How and what people eat, religion, how they dress, etc. d. Comparative i. Comparing behaviors, cultures, disciplines, etc. e. Anthropological perspective i. Ethnocentrism vs. relative 1. Relative – broad way to view the world 2. Ethnocentrism – viewing another culture from perspective of one’s own culture, (values/judgment) a. This outlook is very negative, as if to say the other person’s culture (since it’s different form yours) is “wrong” or “inferior” b. Inherently, every culture is ethnocentric ii. Cultural relativism – environmental values of way people live, positive way (opposite of ethnocentrism) 1. Example: female circumcision III. All anthropologist’s do fieldwork a. Period of time when they collect date
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b. This can be in a lab, outside, or even libraries, anything really IV.Four Subfields of Anthropology a. Linguistic Anthropology i. Study of language, scientifically ii. Cultural ways of communicating (how) iii. What are culturally appropriate ways of speaking – you don’t talk to your mom the same way you would talk to a 2 year old iv. Gender vs. speech – what is the difference between men talk to men and men talk to women, vice versa! v. They also study the origin of language, when humans began to communicate b. Sociocultural (cultural) i. Definition: learned behavior that’s distinct among a group of people, passed down through generations and evolutionary (changes) ii. Medical, political, economic anthropologists are under this category c. Archaeology i. Study of past based on material remains of a culture 1. Tools, pottery, architecture, ceramics, textiles 2. Excavation and lab work are some activities performed 3. Specializations a. Historic – written records present b. Prehistoric – no written records c. Old world – Africa, Asia, Europe d. New World – N. America and S. America e. Contract archeologists i. Protects historic resources from aging, etc. d. Biological/Physical Anthropology i. Oldest study of anthropology in America’s history
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ii. Study of humans (past and present) and related non-human primates iii. Osteology – study of bones iv. Evolutionary theory – 1. (Secular change) taller over time doesn’t necessarily means a change from one species to another, it can also mean the difference over the same species over time V. Human Variation a. Different names and levels of different kinds of people (hierarchy) VI.Scientific perspective a. Process of understanding b. Scientific method i. Problem identified and interested in studying ii. Hypotheses established (preliminary) iii. Data collection (experimentation) 1. Can last for a long time
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Unit 1 - Unit 1 I. II. III. IV. Dispelling myths a. Not...

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