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anthro 1 notes from kayla

anthro 1 notes from kayla - DISPELLING MYTHS Not about...

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DISPELLING MYTHS: 1. Not about dinosaurs Anthropology is the study of humans and trying to understand what it means to be a human being. Bicultural is the interaction of biology and culture. Holistic means it draws from many different areas of study and interest. Comparative or cross culture - you are comparing cultures with each other Ethnocentrism is a way of looking at the world. A person who is ethnocentrism thinks their culture is the best and only way to live. This is a pitfall in anthropology. Most cultures are ethnocentric. Relativism is what anthropologist striver for. It is looking at culture as a unique entity of itself and trying to understand what is normal for that culture. Field work: Going into the field and studying behavior Spending time in museum or lab making observations Library or archives doing research Excavation In American we recognize 4 major subfields: 2. Linguistic anthropology a. The scientific study of language: how sounds are put together and allow communication b. Behavior is involved: how language can affect behavior c. Language can affect how you think and perceive the world i. Ex: colors. Some cultures only have 3 colors total. d. Certain ways of specking depending on who you are talking to e. The origins of languages f. Gender in speech i. Males and females use language differently 3. Sociocultural (cultural) anthropology a. Culture is learned behavior that is distinct within a group of people. It is passed down by generations. It is also evolutionary- meaning it changes. b. Anthropologists will study how people behave and their beliefs (religious, political). Also, how they use goods and recourses and how they are distributed. c. Medical anthropologist i. Studies culture of health and diseases d. Political anthropologist i. Study power in a society e. Economic anthropologist i. Distribution of goods and resources 4. Archaeology a. It is the study of the past based on material remains of a culture. Anything left behind such as pottery, tools, weapons, and architecture. They study this to try and understand what the culture was like. b. Excavation i. Well planned and thought out, labor intensive, and time consuming c. Analysis i. Lab work d. Historic and prehistoric i. The difference is whether or not there are written records ii. Historic- there are written records iii. Prehistoric- no written records
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e. Classical i. Ancient Greek, Rome, Egypt f. Academic vs. contract archaeology i. Academic- professors who study a particular topic and teach students and bring them into fields. Work in a college. ii. Contract- works for a private firm or government. They are not study a particular region. They come in when a site has been uncovered accidentally g. Four disciplines: i. Bioarchaeology is a study of human skeletal remains in an archaeological context. ii.
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anthro 1 notes from kayla - DISPELLING MYTHS Not about...

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