CHM 111 Synopsis of inorganic nomenclature rules (William Stanclift)

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CHM 111SYNOPSIS OF INORGANIC NOMENCLATURE RULESDr. William E. StancliftA. BINARY SALTS1.English name of 1stelement + root name of 2ndelement + “ide”2.English name of 1stelement + (Roman numeral indicating oxidation state of 1stelement) + root name of 2ndelement + “ide”Use Rule 1 above when first element can have only 1 possible oxidation state (elements in Groups 1, 2, and 3 andZn, Cd, Ga, and Al]. Use Rule 2 when first element is capable of having more than 1 possible oxidation state [allmetals not named in previous sentence]. BaBr2barium bromideLaF3lanthanum fluorideFeCl2iron(II) chlorideFeCl3iron(III) chlorideAgBr silver(I) bromideNote that it is common to omit the Roman numeral in names of silver compounds, because it is extremely unusual for silver to exhibit an oxidation state higher than 1+. So some texts will show the name “silver bromide.” B. ACIDSTernary acids(usually oxoacids):Name is derived from:

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