Aristotle’s Poetics provides a method for analyzing works of poetry. He describes the poet as an imitator, “The poet’s function is to describe, not the thing that has happened, but a kind of thing that might happen, i.e. what is possible as being probable or necessary” (Aristotle). Poets are storytellers; thus, Sophocles is a poet and Antigone is a work of poetry and able to be analyzed using Aristotle’s Poetics . Aristotle describes the differences between a simple and a complex plot. A plot cannot be too long or too short. The plot must be long enough to allow the hero to pass through “a series of probable or necessary stages from misfortune to happiness, or from happiness to misfortune” (Aristotle). All plots must consist of a beginning, middle, and an ending. Plots can be simple or complex. In the case of Antigone, the plot is complex. A complex plot exists when the hero’s fortune changes as a result of either one or both a peripety and a discovery. If we assume that Creon is the hero of
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