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Pharmacology 2 LectureGroup Names/Contributor:Ando , FaxMaeCanlas , Via AnikaCohitmingao, Mary VetteCompletado, Aprilace InocOmamalin , Marie del B.Parilla , Rudylyn I.Prahinog, Michelle AnnRamo , Rowena Hannah RoseRetuerto , RichelTest 1: Multiple ChoiceMULTIPLE CHOICERationale1.Which of the following are the mostcommon causes of vitamin B12 deficiencyexcept.A.Pernicious anemiaB.Partial or total gastrectomyC.Conditions that affect the distalileum, such as malabsorptionsyndromes, inflammatory boweldisease, or small bowel resection.D.Chronic anemiaAnswer: Chronic anemiaThe most common causes of Chronic anemia isIron deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia leadsto pallor, fatigue, dizziness, exertional dyspnea,and other generalized symptoms of tissuehypoxia.Pernicious anemia,Partial or total gastrectomyConditions that affect the distal ileum, such asmalabsorption syndromes, inflammatory boweldisease, or small bowel resection are the causes ofVitamin B12 deficiency.2.Reduces or prevents histamine effects onsmooth muscle, immune cells and alsoblocks muscarinic and alphaadrenoceptors.A.DiphenhydramineAnswer:DiphenhydramineDiphenhydramine (First genearation H1antihistamine)A Competitive antagonism/inverse
B.CetirizineC.LorcaserinD.Ergotamineagonism at H1 receptors and a highlysedative that Reduces or preventshistamine effects on smooth muscle,immune cells and also blocksmuscarinic and alpha adrenoceptors.Cetirizine(Second genearation H1 antihistamine)Reduces or prevents histamine effectson smooth muscle, immune cellsLorcaserin , Agonist at 5-HT2C receptors Appearsto reduce appetite
ErgotamineAn Ergot Alkaloids that causes markedsmooth muscle contraction but blocks a-agonistvasoconstriction3.Beta blockers are adrenergic receptorblocking agents that have both selectivealpha1-adrenergic and nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking actions in asingle substance.

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