Chapter 5 POLS

Chapter 5 POLS - POLS Notes 2008-09-25 Chapter 5 Each...

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POLS Notes 21:07 Chapter 5 Each member of congress’ primary responsibility is to the district, constituency. Members must consider diverse views and demands as they represent Legislators vary in the weight they give to personal priorities and things their campaign contributors and past supporters desire. Some act as delegates, others see themselves as having been selected by citizens to do what they think is right and act as trustees . Agency Representation – representation that takes place when constituents have the power to hire and fire their representatives (who act as their agents) Idea of representative as agent is similar to lawyer and client. Rep. assumed to be seeking to discover the interests of the constituency and will be speaking for those interests in Congress. Members of the house supposed to be “close to the people” Senate is more deliberative of the two bodies, originally appointed by the state legislatures and represent elite members of society. Attuned more to the interests of property than to those of population. SENATE REPRESENTS LARGER and more diverse constituencies, forum in which any and all ideas can receive a throrough public airing. House is more centralized and organized. House = better equipped to play a more routine role in governmental process because of different rules for each congress house. Rules give house leaders more control over legislative process and provide members to specialize in certain legislative areas. Rules of Senate give leadership relatively little power and discourage specialization. (INSTITUTION PRINCIPLE AT WORK) Each chamber has difference in size, electoral rhythm, constituencies, and roles. House -members specialize -specialized activities take place minly in committees -deliberations by full house take place mainly in response to committee proposals. -institution is organized to facilitate expenditious consideration of committee bills
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Senate -heterogenous constituencies -preceedings permit wider participation and more open-ended deliberation Formal and informal factors contribute to differences between the two chambers. -length of terms, requirements for holding office these generate differences in how members of each body develop their constituencies and exercise their powers House more effectively and more frequently serve as the agents of well-organized local interests with specific legislative agendas (more attuned to local interest) expected to reflect and represent public opinion in a timely manner Senators serve larger and more heterogenous constituencies. Better able to serve the agnets of groups and interests organized on a statewide or national basis. Luxury of considering new ideas or seeking to bring new coalitions of interests together due to longer term. House normally serves the existing ones. All this intended by drafters of constitution, senate should provide a balance to the more responsive house Senate said to bring deliberation, debate, inclusiveness, calm, and caution
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2009 for the course POLS 102 taught by Professor Hammock during the Spring '08 term at WVU.

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Chapter 5 POLS - POLS Notes 2008-09-25 Chapter 5 Each...

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