POLS 102 Notes Week 12

POLS 102 Notes Week 12 - FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE December 3,...

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FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE December 3, 2008 CHAPTER 9 - PUBLIC OPINION I. Ideology 1. liberals a. not to be confused with “classic” liberalism b. neoliberalism, etc. c. more government, better governance d. fans of the administrative state 2. conservatives a. free market (Adam Smith) b. view government with suspicion II. Socialization 1. Agents of Socialization a. the government and the media most pervasive b. most Americans apathetic most times c. when policy appears to affect them directly, they become  engaged in the process d. politicians then try to raise salience of an issue  (importance) e. usually gov’t just lets the people be ignorant f. election season clear example 2. Framing a. depicting an issue in a light that favors some interests over  others b. common in all governments; U.S. not always successful c. different parties frame the same issue differently d. special interests, groups, institutions also engage in framing e. entrepreneurs – frame issues so disinterested public gets  interested; usually done in their own favor III. Polling 1. Since gov’t doesn’t really know how to react to public opinion 2. polls are then used to measure direction, intensity, and salience 3. Samples a. probability sample – when pollster knows the sample and  polls from that sample b. random sample – pollster selects at random from  population c. selection bias – techniques to create sample are flawed` d. sample size very important i. too small sample leads to large margin of error
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ii. typical representative size around 1500 CHAPTER 10 - ELECTIONS I. The Electoral Process 1. Electoral composition (check textbook for charts) a. who can vote, who does vote b. registration process c. historically, both parties put up obstacles to registration and  voting d. poll tax, literacy test, property owners, Grandfather Clause e. 26th Amendment -- 18-year olds can vote 2. Criteria For Winning a. majority - more than 50% of votes b. plurality - more votes than opponent c. proportional - done in only a few locations; each party gets  proportional amount of representatives
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POLS 102 Notes Week 12 - FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE December 3,...

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