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Unformatted text preview: Culture and Human Behavior, The Social Self pp. 28-37, chapter 5 09/02/2008 15:34:00 ♦ Individualistic (independent) cultures- Cultures in which people tend to think of themselves as distinct social entities, tied to each other by voluntary bonds of affection and organizational memberships but essentially separate from other people and having attributes that exist in the absence of any connection to others. • Westerners ♦ Collectivistic (interdependent) cultures- Cultures in which people tend to define themselves as part of a collective, inextricably tied to others in their group, and in which they have relatively little individual freedom or personal control over their lives but do not necessarily want or need these things. • Asian countries ♦ Americans taught to value action where as Chinese children taught to value relationships. • When asked who am I? Americans list independent qualities like “I am friendly” where as Collectivists says “I am Jan’s friend” ♦ Evolution and culture make important contributions to understanding human social behavior, evolution predisposes us to certain behaviors, but culture determines which behaviors are likely to be developed in situations. Chapter 5: ♦ Self concept- An understanding of the existence and properties of a separate self and its characteristics. ( By 15-18 months). ♦ Traits- consistent ways that people think, feel, and act across classes of situations. ♦ Five-Factor Model (Big Five)- Five personality traits (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism) (OCEAN) that psychologists believe are the basic building blocks of personality. ♦ Heritability- The degree to which traits or physical characteristics are determined by genes, and hence inherited from parents. • Monozygotic (identical) twins- Twins who originate from a single fertilized...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2009 for the course PSYCH 2800 taught by Professor Gilovich,t/regan,d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.
- Spring '08