11-12-08 - Historical Phases in Brazil 1825-1889: Empire...

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Historical Phases in Brazil 1825-1889: Empire Decentralized. Stayed unified because of elites maintain allegiance to emperor 1889-1930: Old Republic Not really a republic. Did away with the empire 1930-1945: Vargas and Estado Novo/ Beginning of ISI Key Figure: Vargas Led rebellion against Café con Leche (dominant faction of oligarchy) Centralizer, industrializer, organized labor 1946-1964: Limited Democracy Vargas kicked out. Labor remains subjected to state control. Suffrage restricted. Military doesn’t control gov’t but plays the part of referee 1964-1985: Military Dictatorship Draws on elements established during Vargas. Gov’t pursues ISI. Political power restricted to top with alliance to businessmen and political bosses of the interior and Northeast Brazil Military Dictatorship: 1964-1985 Political polarization in early 1960s following Cuban revolution Left inspired by radicals of Castro regime, Right fearful Populist government of Jao Goulart Elected 1 st as Vice President. Not radical. No ideology
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11-12-08 - Historical Phases in Brazil 1825-1889: Empire...

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